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Perspective : Changing Population Dynamics
In this episode of the Perspective Prog. Based on ‘Changing Population Dynamics’. China has recorded its first population decline in several decades. According to data published by the National Bureau of Statistics of China, the population of mainland China was 1.411 billion people at the end of 2022, a decrease of 850,000 over the previous year. Last year in November when the world’s population reached 8 billion , the United Nations projection suggested that the global population could grow to around 8.5 billion in 2030, 9.7 billion in 2050 and 10.4 billion in 2100. According to UN report sustained high fertility and rapid population growth present challenges to the achievement of sustainable development. In 2022, World’s two most populous regions were in Asia and with more than 1.4 billion each China and India accounted for most of the population in these two regions. India entered the demographic dividend opportunity window in 2005-06 and will remain there till 2055-56. In December last year Govt in reply to a question in Lok Sabha had said its efforts have been successful in reining in the growth of population.