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Daily Detailed Current Affairs 9th July 2024

Project PARI

On 7th July, 2024, the Ministry of Culture initiated Project PARI for the upcoming 46th session of the World Heritage Committee.

  • The 46th session of the World Heritage Committee will be held at New Delhi, India from 21st to 31st July 2024 at the Bharat Mandapam International Exhibition and Convention Centre(IECC), New Delhi.

Key Points

  • To welcome the delegates to the city of Delhi more than 100 artists across the country representing various folk art and contemporary art traditions are coming together to bring to life their visions across various spots across Delhi under this Project.
  • The project is undertaken by Lalit Kala Academy in collaboration with National Gallery of Modern Art
  • Traditional art forms as well as sculptures, murals, and installations have been created under this beautification project.
  • The creative canvas includes but is not limited to artwork inspired by and /or drawn in styles of Phad paintings (Rajasthan), Thangka painting (Sikkim/Ladakh), miniature painting (Himachal Pradesh), Gond art (Madhya Pradesh), Tanjore paintings (Tamil Nadu), Kalamkari (Andhra Pradesh), Alpona art (West Bengal), Cheriyal painting (Telangana), Pichhwai Painting (Rajasthan), Lanjia Saura (Odisha), Pattachitra (West Bengal), Bani Thani Painting (Rajasthan), Warli (Maharashtra), Pithora Art (Gujarat), Aipan (Uttarakhand), Kerala Murals (Kerala), Alpana art (Tripura) and more.
  • The proposed sculptures being created for Project PARI include wide ranging ideas that include but are not limited to paying tributes to nature, ideas inspired by the Natyashastra, Gandhi ji, toys of India, hospitality, ancient knowledge, Naad or Primeval Soun, Harmony of life, Kalpataru – the divine tree etc.

Lalit Kala Akademi (National Academy of Art)

  • Lalit Kala Akademi (National Academy of Art) was inaugurated on 5th August 1954 in New Delhi.
  • It was registered under the Societies Registration Act 1860, on 11th March 1957.

 Indian Delegates of DARPG Visit Sri Lanka

A 5 member Indian delegation from Department of Administrative Reform and Public Grievances (DARPG) are on an official visit to Sri Lanka from July 7-9, 2024 for bilateral discussions for capacity building programs of Sri Lankan Civil Servants in India.

Key Points

  • The Indian delegation to Sri Lanka is led by the Secretary and Director General of the National Centre for Good Governance, Mr. V. Srinivas.
  • This visit is being conducted on the invitation of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka.
  • The Indian delegation’s agenda includes discussions on capacity-building programs for Sri Lankan civil servants and the potential signing of a long-term agreement through a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for capacity building initiatives.
  • The discussions will focus on outlining a roadmap for future collaborations and exchanging insights on effective governance practices. The visit also includes an interactive session with NCGG alumni in Sri Lankan Civil Service.

National Centre for Good Governance (NCGG)

  • The National Centre for Good Governance (NCGG) was set up in 2014 by the Government of India as an apex–level autonomous institution under the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions.
  • The Centre traces its origin to the National Institute of Administrative Research (NIAR), which was set up in 1995 by the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBSNAA),
  • NCGG deals with a gamut of governance issues from local, state to national levels, across all sectors. The Centre is mandated to work in the areas of governance, policy reforms, capacity building and training of civil servants and technocrats of India and other developing countries. It also works as a think tank.

Asian Doubles Squash Championships 2024

On July 7th, 2024, India’s Abhay Singh won both the men’s doubles and mixed doubles title in the Asian Doubles Squash Championships held in Johor, Malaysia.

  • Abhay was paired with Velavan Senthilkumar in the men’s doubles and Joshna Chinappa in the mixed doubles.

Key Points

  • The 2024 Asian Squash Doubles Championships was from July 4-7.
  • A total of 33 teams from 7 countries including 9 men’s doubles teams, 9 women’s doubles teams, and 15 mixed doubles teams participated in the championship.

 Dhruv Sitwala

In Billiards, Dhruv Sitwala clinched the Asian Billiards Championship 2024 title by defeating Ace Indian cueist and compatriot Pankaj Advani 5-2 in the final at the SABSF Academy, Riyadh. With the loss, Pankaj fell short in his quest to secure a hat-trick of titles

Key Points

  • Dhruv holds a World Billiards record for being the first player to complete a 400 Up match in a single visit.
  • He has won Asian Billiards Champion in 2015 and 2016.
  • He was World Billiards Championship Runner-Up in 2010 (long format) and 2016 (short format).
  • He was 2007 IBSF Billiards Championship Runner-Up.

Masoud Pezeshkian: New President of Iran

On July 5th, 2024, Iran’s only reformist candidate Masoud Pezeshkian won the Presidential election to become 9th President of Iran.

Key Points

  • He defeating hard-liner Saeed Jalili with over 53.3% of the vote from more than 30 million ballots counted.
  • He is a cardiac surgeon and former health minister who served during the Iran-Iraq war, dispatching medical teams to the front lines.
  • He ran for president twice before, in 2013 and 2021, without success.
  • He is the first president from western Iran in decades.
  • He assured no radical changes and recognised Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei as the ultimate authority on state matters.
  • Under Iran’s dual system of clerical and republican rule, the president cannot enact major policy shifts on nuclear matters or militia support, as Khamenei holds sway over state affairs.

 RBI Penalizes PNB for Non-Compliance with Regulations

On July 3rd, 2024, Punjab National Bank (PNB) became the fifth bank to be penalized, with a penalty of Rs 1.31 crore for non-compliance with RBI directions regarding ‘Loans and Advances: Statutory and Other Restrictions’ and the ‘Reserve Bank of India (Know Your Customer (KYC) Direction, 2016.’

Key Points

  • According to the RBI, Punjab National Bank sanctioned working capital demand loans to two state government-owned corporations against amounts receivable from the government by way of subsidies/refunds/reimbursements, this is a violation of RBI directions.
  • Before PNB, the RBI penalized four cooperative banks with various penalty amounts. These banks include The Gujarat Rajya Karmachari Co-operative Bank, Gujarat; The Rohika Central Co-operative Bank, Madhubani, Bihar; The National Co-operative Bank, Mumbai, Maharashtra; and The Bank Employees’ Co-operative Bank, West Bengal.
  • The PNB also failed to preserve records pertaining to the identification of customers and their addresses obtained during the course of a business relationship in certain accounts.

Amendments to Food Safety and Standards Regulations, 2020

The amendment to the Food Safety and Standards (Labelling and Display) Regulations, 2020, concerning Nutritional Information Labelling, was approved during the 44th meeting of the Food Authority, chaired by FSSAI Chairperson, Apurva Chandra.

Key Points

  • FSSAI has approved a proposal to prominently display nutritional information, specifically Total Sugar, Salt, and Saturated Fat, in bold letters and larger font size on labels of packaged food items.
  • Along with empowering consumers to make healthier choices, the amendment would also contribute towards efforts to combat the rise of Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) and promote public health and well-being.

FSSAI

  • The FSSAI was established in 2008 under the Food Safety and Standards Act 2006, which is a consolidating statute related to food safety and regulation in India.
  • It was established under the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India.
  • The Chairperson of FSSAI is in the rank of Secretary to Government of India.

Sojan Joseph

49 year old Sojan Joseph, a mental health nurse from Kerala’s Kottayam, has created history by getting elected to the UK House of Commons on a Labour party ticket from Ashford.

Key Points

  • He migrated to UK from Kerala in 2001.
  • He is the first-ever Labour MP to represent Ashford since it was created 139 years ago.
  • He defeated Damian Green, a former first secretary of state and senior conservative party leader, who had represented Ashford for the past 27 years.

International Day of Cooperatives 2024

On July 6th, 2024, the 102nd International Day of Cooperatives 2024 is being celebrated with the theme – “Cooperatives Build a Better Future for All.”

Key Points

  • Every year the day has been observed on the first Saturday of July ever since 1923 by the International Cooperative Alliance (ICA).
  • The Ministry of Cooperation is organizing ‘Sahkar se Samriddhi’ conference on July 6th to mark the celebration of International Day of Cooperatives 2024.
  • July 6th is also the 3rd Foundation Day of the Ministry of Cooperation.
  • Ministry of Cooperation has undertaken more than 54 initiatives in the cooperative sector since its establishment.
  • The theme of International Cooperative Day 2024 is in aligns well with the objectives of the upcoming UN Summit of the Future whose theme is “Multilateral solutions for a better tomorrow”.

 15th Toy Biz International B2B Expo 2024

A four day International Toy Fair started on July 6th in New Delhi. More than 300 domestic companies and over 100 foreign buyers from the US, Germany and other countries are expected to participate in the fair.

Key Points

  • 15th Toy Biz International B2B Expo 2024 is the largest fair in South Asia.
  • More than 250 Indian brands will display their products during the fair, which is being organised at Pragati Maidan.
  • On July 8th government officials and industry will hold a detailed discussions on ways to further boost domestic manufacturing and exports of toys. The meeting will be organised by Invest India, an arm of the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT), in collaboration with the Toy Association of India.
  • Every year the Toy Association of India organizes Toy Biz International B2B Fairs for CHILD RELATED PRODUCTS to showcase the products of Indian Toy Manufacturers to both domestic and foreign buyers.

Toy Association of India

  • The Toy Association of India (TAI), the largest body in the Indian toy industry, boasts over 5000 members nationwide, including creators and distributors of toys and games for all ages.
  • The Toy Association of India (TAI), the largest body in the Indian toy industry, boasts over 5000 members nationwide, including creators and distributors of toys and games for all ages.
  • TAI is a member of the Asian Committee of Toy Industries (ACTI), Sports Goods Export Promotion Council (SGEPC), Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce & Industry (FICCI), PHD Chamber of Commerce & Industry (PHDCCI) and Confederation of All India Traders (CAIT).

Ek Ped Maa Ke Naam Campaign

On July 6th the Ek Ped Maa Ke Naam Campaign is inaugurated by the Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh Dr. Mohan Yadav. Under the campaign five and a half crore trees will be planted in Madhya Pradesh.

Key Points

  • In Madhya Pradesh the campaign is started on the birth anniversary of Dr. Shyama Prasad Mukherjee.
  • A target has been set to plant 20 lakh saplings in 480 hectares of area in Bhopal district alone
  • Government has a plan to plant 51 lakh saplings in Indore, the industrial capital of the state and the cleanest city of the country.
  • The “Ek Ped Maa Ke Naam” campaign is being run on a war footing manner in all the cities and villages of the state till July 15.
  • Madhya Pradesh had set a record of planting 6 crore saplings planted in 12 hours, the maximum number of saplings in a day in the country in 2017.
  • The Prime Minister Narendra Modi has launched ‘Ek Ped Maa Ke Naam’ Campaign on the occasion of World Environment Day on 5th June 2024.

Keir Starmer: 58th Prime Minister of UK

On July 5th, 2024, Keir Starmer became the 58th Prime Minister of UK, the first leader from the center-left party to win a U.K. national election since Tony Blair, who won three in a row starting in 1997. Starmer led the Labour Party to a landslide victory in the UK parliamentary election by winning 412 of 650 seats.

Key Points

  • Keir Starmer is the first university graduate from his family after studying law at Leeds University, following it up with a post-graduate degree from Oxford.
  • In 1987, Starmer joined the Middle Temple, one of the four court associations called Inns of Court, which are eligible to call their members to the English bar as barristers.
  • In 2002, he was appointed to Queen’s Counsel.
  • He served as human rights adviser to the Northern Ireland Policing Board between 2003 and 2008.
  • In 2015, he made his debut into politics when he was elected as the Labour Party candidate for Holborn and St. Pancras, a seat he has held in the three elections since.
  • In 2020, he became a party head.

Dhirendra Ojha

On July 5th, 2024, senior Indian Information Service (IIS) officer Dhirendra Ojha has been appointed as the principal spokesperson of the central government and will also hold the charge as Director General of Press Information Bureau (PIB).

Kay Points

  • Dhirendra Ojha will succeed Sheyphali B Sharan, who has been appointed as the director general of the Publications Division.
  • He has served as the Director General, Central Bureau of Communications (CBC).

Central Bureau of Communication (CBC)

  • CBC was set up on 8th December, 2017 by integration of erstwhile Directorate of Advertising and Visual Publicity (DAVP), Directorate of Field Publicity (DFP) and Song & Drama Division (S&DD).
  • It acts as an advisory body to Government on media strategy.
  • It has 23 Regional Outreach Bureaus (ROBs) and 148 Field Outreach Bureaus (FOBs).
  • CBC is engaged in educating people, both rural and urban, about the Government’s policies and programmes to evoke their participation in developmental activities.
  • The Bureau uses different vehicles of communication viz. Print Media advertising, Audio Visual Campaigns, dissemination through Exhibitions, Outdoor Campaigns and New Media etc.

Labour Party Won UK’s General Election 2024

On July 4th the Labour Party emerged victorious in Unityedf Kingdom’s (UK’s ) general election by winning 407 of 650 seats.

Key Points

  • Labour Party leader Keir Starmer will be the next British Prime Minister after his Party secured a landslide victory in the UK general election, ending the 14-year reign of the Conservative Party led by Rishi Sunak.
  • In 2019, Boris Johnson’s Conservative Party secured a majority by seizing seats from the Labour Party in its traditional heartlands in the north and midlands.

UK Parliamentary Election System

  • Voters in 650 constituencies across the UK will elect members of parliament to the lower chamber, the House of Commons, via the first-past-the-post system.
  • To win each constituency and gain a seat in the House, candidates need to receive more votes than any of their competitors.
  • A party needs to win at least 50 percent of the seats – 326 – to secure a majority in the House of Commons and be asked to form a government by the monarch, King Charles III.
  • The members of parliament’s upper chamber, the House of Lords, are appointed rather than elected

Sheel Nagu

On July 4th, 2024, the Acting Chief Justice of Madhya Pradesh High Court Sheel Nagu has been appointed as Chief Justice ofPunjab and Haryana High Court.

Key Points

  • Justice Sanjeev Sachdeva has been appointed as the new Acting Chief Justice of the Madhya Pradesh High Court.
  • Sheel Nagu was appointed as high court judge on 27th May 2011.
  • On 27th December 2023, the Supreme Court collegium recommended the appointment of Justice Sheel Nagu as the chief justice of the Punjab and Haryana high court.

 SCO Summit 2024

On July 4th, 2024, External Affairs Minister (EAM) S Jaishankar attended the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) summit in Kazakhstan’s Astana and delivered remarks of Prime Minister Narendra Modi in which he reiterated that priority must naturally be given to combating terrorism.

Key Points

  • Indian Bilateral Meeting: Indian EAM held bilateral meetings with his counterparts from SCO members Tajikistan and Russia, and the newest member Belarus, on the sidelines of the meet.
  • Regional Security: Member states discussed comprehensive strategies to combat terrorism, extremism, separatism, and cybercrime. With the geopolitical landscape becoming increasingly complex, cooperation in these areas was essential to maintaining stability and ensuring the safety of citizens across the region.
  • Boosting Economic and Trade Cooperation: Economic collaboration was another cornerstone of the summit’s agenda. Leaders explored ways to enhance intra-regional trade and investment, streamline customs procedures, and create a more integrated economic environment.
  • Promoting Cultural and Humanitarian Collaboration: Strengthening cultural and humanitarian ties is also a key objective. The summit highlighted the importance of fostering people-to-people connections to promote mutual understanding and cultural exchange.
  • Addressing Environmental Challenges: In alignment with the designation of 2024 as the Year of Environment within the SCO, environmental sustainability is a significant agenda item. The summit focused on collaborative efforts to tackle environmental issues, emphasizing the need for joint action to protect natural resources and promote sustainable development.
  • Advancing Digital Transformation: Digital connectivity and transformation are crucial components of the summit’s discussions. Enhancing digital ties among member states wass seen as vital for future economic growth and technological advancement.
  • Strengthening Regional Connectivity: The summit aims to reinforce regional connectivity and integration, transforming the SCO into a more practical platform for trade and security cooperation. A new development strategy were discussed, focusing on key areas such as energy cooperation, digital transformation, and regional security.
  • Expanding Membership:The summit reviewed the process of admitting new members, such as Belarus, reflecting the organization’s growing influence and expanding its geopolitical reach.

 Global Conclave on Plastic Recycling and Sustainability

On July 4th, 2024, a four-day Global Conclave on Plastic Recycling and Sustainability (GCPRS) started in New Delhi.

  • The Conclave aims to deal with the problem of plastic waste, as only 10 per cent of the plastic waste generated globally is currently recycled.

Key Points

  • The conclave is jointly organized by the All India Plastics Manufacturers’ Association (AIPMA) and the Chemicals and Petrochemicals Manufacturers’ Association (CPMA).
  • The conclave focuses on the rising use of plastic, its impact on the environment and also on the steps needed for solutions. Various businesses and experts from across the country will attend the conclave over the four days.
  • In a bid to curb plastic pollution, India had introduced the Plastic Waste Management Rules in 2016, which mandated extended producer responsibility, enforced stricter recycling packages and banned specific single use plastic.
  • India’s plastic recycling industry is rapidly growing, and is expected to reach USD 6.9 billion by 2033. Government initiatives and a robust existing recycling rate of approximately 60 per cent highlight the country’s commitment to managing plastic waste.
  • The event has provided a platform for industry leaders, startups, and environmental experts to demonstrate their latest advancements and share insights on achieving sustainability in the plastic industry.

National Green Hydrogen Mission

On July 4th, 2024, the Central government issued guidelines for funding testing facilities, infrastructure, and institutional support for the development of Standards and Regulatory framework under the National Green Hydrogen Mission.

Key Points

  • The scheme will be implemented with a total budgetary outlay of two hundred crore rupees till the financial year 2025-26
  • The scheme will be implemented by the National Institute of Solar Energy.
  • The scheme will support the identification of the gaps in the existing testing facilities for components, technologies, and processes in the value chain of Green Hydrogen and its derivatives.
  • The Scheme will support the creation of new testing facilities and the upgradation of existing Testing Facilities to ensure safe and secure operations.
  • The scheme encompasses the development of robust quality and performance testing facilities to ensure quality, sustainability, and safety in GH2 production and trade.

National Institute of Solar Energy (NISE), Gurugram

  • It as an apex institute of the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE.
  • In the area of solar energy NISE is undertaking activities related to research & development, testing, certification, standardization, skill development, resource assessment and awareness in the field of solar energy and associated technologies.

 NITI Aayog Launches Sampoornata Abhiyan

On July 4th, 2024, NITI Aayog launched a nationwide campaign ‘Sampoornata Abhiyan’ with a focus to attain saturation in 12 key social sector indicators in 500 aspirational blocks and 112 aspirational districts in the country.

Key Points

  • The three-month campaign will focus on themes including health, nutrition, agriculture, social development and education, will continue till September 2024.
  • As part of the campaign, district and block officials along with elected people’s representatives will organise awareness activities including Gram Sabhas, Nukkad Natak, Paushtik Aahar Mela, Health camps, Exhibitions, Poster making and Poem competitions around 12 themes identified in all aspirational blocks and districts.

Impact of Greenhouse Gas on Rainfall Pattern

In July, 2024, the research, conducted by scientists from the Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeosciences (BSIP), revealed that rising greenhouse gas levels could significantly alter rainfall patterns in equatorial regions, potentially transforming India’s biodiversity hotspots.

Key Points

  • The evergreen forests in the Western Ghats, northeast India, and the Andaman Islands may be replaced by deciduous forests due to these climate shifts.
  • The study, published in Geoscience Frontiers, examined fossil pollen and carbon isotope data from the Eocene Thermal Maximum 2 (ETM-2), a period of global warming that occurred approximately 54 million years ago.
  • This era serves as a potential analog for future climate scenarios, offering valuable insights into the effects of increased atmospheric carbon dioxide on tropical ecosystems.
  • Researchers focused on the Panandhro Lignite Mine in Gujarat, which provided a unique opportunity to study vegetation-climate relationships near the equator during the ETM-2.
  • Analysis of fossil pollen revealed that when atmospheric CO2 concentrations exceeded 1000 ppmv near the paleo-equator, rainfall decreased significantly, leading to an expansion of deciduous forests

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