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HAS Exam-Syllabus & Strategy




Prelims (objective paper)   June Mains (Subjective paper)Oct-Nov interview(Dec)



General Studies 100 Qs (200 marks)

paper -II

Aptitude test 100 Qs (200 marks) qualifying ( 33%)

Indian History  Comprehension 
 Indian & world geography  Inter personal including communication skills
Indian polity  Logical reasiong
 Indian economy  Decision making
 Environment & ecology  General mental ability
 General science Basic numeracy
 Current affairs  English language Comprehension
 Himachal pradesh  

Time: two Hours each paper


English (100 marks) + hindi (100 marks)

Both are of qualifying nature

General Studies

Paper-1(100 marks) Essay (100 marks)
Paper-2 (200 marks) General Studies -1
Paper-3 (200 marks) General Studies -2
Paper-4(200 marks) General Studies -3
Paper-5(100 marks) Optional paper-1
Paper-6(100 marks) Optional paper-1


Total mains marks 900 marks
Interview   150 marks
Total marks                                                       1050
General 21 to 35 yrs Unlimited
OBC 21 to 37yrs Unlimited
SC/ ST 21 to 37yrs Unlimited

TOPICS FOR HAS – Prelims (section wise)

Paper – 1 (General studies)

  1. HP. Geography
  2. Himachal pradesh ancient history
  3. Districtwise history
  4. The people : ancient and modern tribes
  5. Freedom struggle
  6. Administrative history
  7. Social customs and dances
  8. Fairs and festivals of himachal
  9. Art and architecture in H.P.
  10. Economy of H.P.
  11. Places and personalities
  12. Forest, national parks and sanctuaries
  13. Hydroelectric projects
  14. Firist in H.P., largest and smallest in H.P.
  15. Books and authors
  16. Popular names of personalities and places
  17. State symboles and historical towns
  18. Census – 2011
  19. Himachal economic survey
1. Introduction of indian geography
2. Physiography of India
3. Drainage system
4. Climate
5. Soils and vegetation
6. Agiculture & sources of irrigation
7. National Parks, Biosphere Reserves and Heritage sites
8. Transportation and communication
9. Industries
10. Major Tribes, religion and languages
11. Population problems & urban settlements
12. Census – 2011
13. Nicknames of indian cities
14. Towns on the bank of Rivers
15. The universe – solar system
16. The earth and earthquake
17. The time, longitude and latitude
18. Hydrosphere
19. Atmosphere & atmospheric elements
20. Major land surface types
21. Climate and precipitation
22. Continents
23. Longest & largest of the world
  1. Introduction, National insignia
  2. Preamble
  3. The union & its territory
  4. Citizenship
  5. Fundamental Rights
  6. Directive Principles of state Policy & Fundamental duties
  7. Union
  8. The Parliament
  9. Supreme court
  10. Hights courts
  11. The state executive
  12. The state legislature
  13. Special status of J&K and special provision for some states
  14. Union Territories
  15. Local Governments
  16. Centre – states relations
  17. Services under the union and the state, administrative tribunals
  18. The scheduled and Tribal areas, official languge
  19. Elections , anti defection law
  20. Amendment of the constitution
  1. Some aspects of indian economy
  2. Poverty, unemployment & inflation
  3. Agriculture
  4. Economic plaanning in India
  5. National income
  6. Financial market
  7. Public finance
  8. Foreign trade
  9. Sustainable development, inclusion
  10. Social sector initiatives
  11. Economic survey
  12. Budget
  1. Ancient History
  2. Harappan Civilization
  3. The vedic era
  4. Religious movements – Buddhism & jainism
  5. The mauryan and post mauryan Empire
  6. Sangam period
  7. The gupta and post gupta period
  1. Delhi sultanate
  2. Vijaynagar and bahmani kingdoms
  3. Religious movements
  4. The mughal empire
  5. The maratha empire
  1. Advent of the europeans
  2. Expansions and establishments of british paramountancy
  3. Impact of british Rule
  4. Revolt of 1857
  5. Peasants, tribals, casts and trade union movements
  6. Socio – religious and cultural reforms in 19th – 20th century
  7. Indian national movement i) Moderate & extremist
  8. Indian national movement ii) gandhian era
  9. Indian national movement iii) quit india movement, partition to independance
  10. Personalities in modern india
  1. Ecology and ecosystem
  2. Environment degradation
  3. Global waarming and climate change
  4. Biodiversity
  1. Physics
  2. Waves
  3. Heat
  4. Electricity
  5. Everyday application of physics
1. Chemistry in everyday life
1. Cell
2. Genetics
3. Harmones
4. Disease and nutritio
  1. National updates
  2. International updates
  3. Economic scenerio
  4. Awards
  5. Place and personalities
  6. Sports
  7. Government policies and programmes
  8. Books and author
  9. Committies and commission
  10. Important days and dates
Paper – 2 (Aptitude Test)


Interpersonal skills including communication skills

Decision making and problem solving

General mental ability


  1. Coding – Decoding
  2. Ranking test and time sequence
  3. Symbols notation and mathematical operations
  4. Syllogism and venn diagram
  5. Clock and calendar
  6. Blood relation
  7. Direction Test
  8. Alphabet Test
  9. Elegibility Test
  10. Inserting a missing character
  11. Course of action
  12. Assumpation
  13. Conclusion
  14. Sitting arrangement
  15. Puzzles
  1. Number system
  2. Percentage
  3. Average
  4. Problems on ages
  5. Time and work
  6. Time and distance
  7. Profit and loss
  8. Alzebra
  9. Probability
  10. Mean, mode and median
  11. Sets
  12. matrix
  13. Data interpretation and data analysis
Some Myths About HPPSC HAS Exam Preparation – Truths
1) They say HAS is the mother of all exams. Is it?
Wrong. This is just another exam. The mother of all exams is Life. You can afford to fail in HAS, but not in Life. So, take HAS preparation as a phase in Life, not as your Life.
2) They say HAS is not for faint-hearted. Is it?
If you think you are faint-hearted, better start preparing for HAS soon – it makes you stone-hearted.
3) One topper in an interview said that she studied 20 hours every day for 365 days. Is this true?
May be she suffered from insomnia. Even now she will be working 20 hours a day as an officer. On a serious note, good sleep is very necessary to prepare well for this exam. It keeps you in good health. Don’t study beyond 14 hours unless you suffer from Insomnia.
4) Now you are saying 14 Hours! Are you mad?
Calm down. If you have left your job, as a punishment you should devote these many hours. Didn’t you work 12 hours for your company? Anyway, every day at least 8 hours of planned study is required. If you can study more than that, it is well and good. But please ensure that you also get 6-8 hours of sound sleep.
5) My English is very poor. They say I am out of the race. Am I?
No. You are still part of the race. Now you have figured out the problem – that your English is poor. Work on it. All you need is basic English. Moreover, you can write this exam and give the interview in your mother-tongue. Buy a basic Grammar book – read it, listen to
English news on TV and radio, try to write something in English, everyday (don’t worry if it is very bad, keep trying) Necessity should push you to learn. Push yourself. Win the race.
6) I am worried. I can’t go to Delhi because of some personal reasons. They say it is Mecca for HAS aspirants.
Can’t go to Delhi? Wow. That’s great. These days you can study from home itself. HAS preparation is neither religion nor life to seek enlightenment in a far away concrete desert. Do your duty sincerely, if pleased, almighty HPPSC will call you to its shrine, if pleased with
your personality, it will give you a pass to Heaven – the HAS. Why go there uninvited?
7) So how can I study from my home?
These days you can buy books from online. Every topper has studied the same set of books as lakhs of aspirants do every year. The difference is that toppers plan their studies and execute those plans well. They practice writing. They take tests. They are confident. And they also have some luck.
8) Oh! So luck is needed for this exam.
Ya, only if you think you are unlucky. Anyway, let me modify a famous quote for you – Success is one percent luck and ninety-nine percent perspiration. Don’t let that 99% thing slip from your hand. Toil sincerely, and you will be rewarded with that 1 percent luck.
9) It was my last attempt. I failed in Prelims. Now I want to kill myself. Help me.
To kill you? First, kill your ego, not yourself. You took a journey but couldn’t reach the destination. It doesn’t mean the end of your life or the end of the road – start a new phase in your Life from where you are now. What matters in the end is how well you lived your Life, not
how many successes you achieved. If the King has painful piles in his anus, what is the use of diamond studded golden throne
10) Lakhs of aspirants give this exam and only few get into HAS. I am scared.
Though lakhs of aspirants apply and write this exam, the real competition is between only 2000-3000 serious aspirants. Those who study systematically and consistently, get into service. If you do the same, you will be one among them. Don’t have fears even before you start. You must enter the race and work hard to win it.
Remember this: “I never did a day’s work in all my Life. It was all fun” (Edison). Make the process fun, enjoy reading, love what you do and do everything to please your heart. Not the society.
11) They say there is corruption in recruiting HAS officers. Is it true?
This allegation is utterly false. The whole examination is so opaque that you have to trust it blindly (Oxymoron). There may be lacunae in the way examination is held, or there may be loopholes in how an HPPSC member is appointed, but there is never corruption involved in the recruitment of civil service officers. The steel produced is pure. You can trust it. (it gets corroded later, that is a different story though)
12) Those veterans laugh when I tell them I am preparing for HAS. Instead, they insist I should say that I am preparing for civil services. What is the difference?
When you say you are preparing for civil services, you are not sure about getting into HAS/HPS. When you say you are preparing for HAS, you are confident that you want only HAS and you know how to get it. Choose the one suits you best. Not the veterans’.
13) I am getting headache while making notes. There are so many books to refer and I want my notes to be the best. What to do?
Note this. Leo Tolstoy writes in Anna Karenina “If you look for perfection, you’ll never be content.” Also someone said, “Perfection is the child of time“. When you scout too many sources to make that perfect notes, you end up both loosing invaluable time and discontented. Managing time during the preparation is the most important aspect of this examination. Read one or two books for a topic. Re-read the same book even if some coaching institution or a publication house releases new notes/book in the market that has become famous.
14) They say HAS is the best job on Earth! Is it?
Well, I thought becoming the President of US was the best thing on Earth. Anyway, the above statement is wrong. Ask Durga Shakti Nagpal.
15) At least in India it is the best job. Right?
Yes. If you want to make a positive impact on the lives of thousands of poor, HAS is the best job. But you have to swim in the ocean infested by so many sharks. You should know how to swim, be fearless and armed with ammunition. There is a silver lining
though. The ammunition is personal integrity and The People – if you do a good work, help the poor man on the streets and in the huts, people will love you. Sharks love votes. And the ocean will be safe for you.
16) Some say this exam is like a vast ocean and questions are asked from outside the syllabus, even from extraterritorial sources. Is it?
No. Again wrong. HPPSC strictly adheres to the syllabus. Though sometimes it seems like questions are asked from outside of the syllabus, they are actually in some ways related to it. For example, if there is a question like this, ‘Opportunity on Mars‘, one should not get bedazzled why HPPSC is asking questions from ET source and start answering like, ‘If Nuclear war takes place and the Earth is destroyed, the opportunities on Mars are immense for the Humankind……’
17) I have a disease. I keep buying all the magazines and coaching material. Is there any cure for this?
If you are rich, donate some money to this site. Jokes apart, yes there is a cure. You know very well that you don’t read all the magazine and materials you buy. When you buy more and don’t use them, it only worsens your situation. The sight of those books frightens you.
The cure is simple: first understand why you are buying so many books.
You buy them to buy yourself momentary satisfaction, that you are doing right thing in your preparation. No, wrong. Always finish reading what you have now. If something is really missing from the book you have, then go for a new one.
When you become aware that you are not going to read all the books you buy, you will stop buying them.
                CPS Learning

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